The Texas Commission on Environmental Quality announced that up to $4.5 million in grants is being made available to eligible individuals, businesses, and governmental entities to support the development of a network of natural gas vehicle fueling stations to serve as a foundation for a self-sustaining market for natural gas vehicles in Texas.
The TCEQ Clean Transportation Triangle grants are part of the Texas Emissions Reduction Plan, and are offered to eligible entities that intend to build natural gas fueling stations along the interstate highways connecting Houston, San Antonio, Dallas, and Fort Worth. These fueling stations must be located no more than three miles from the interstate highways and must be made available to the public.
CTT program goals include ensuring that natural gas vehicles purchased, leased or otherwise commercially financed, or re-powered under the Texas Natural Gas Vehicle Grant Program have access to fuel; and building the foundation for a self-sustaining market for natural gas vehicles in Texas.
Grants are offered to eligible applicants, with preference to be given to stations providing both liquefied natural gas and compressed natural gas at a single location; and stations located not more than one mile for an interstate highway system.
Application deadline is April 16, 2012.
- Utah*s First LNG Station Nears Completion (USA)
- USA: Clean Energy Completed 68 Fueling Station Projects in 2011
- USA: Clean Energy Supports Proposed Federal Legislation That Would Expand Use of Gas Fuel for Transportation
- Natural Gas Vehicle Sales to Reach 3.2 Million Units Annually by 2016, According to Pike Research
- USA: Clean Energy Gets USD 150 Million Investment
- LNG fueling station the shape of things to come. (mydesert.com)
- Norman’s new CNG station set to open (newsok.com)
- With natural gas reserves high, effort seeks to expand auto-fueling stations (mercurynews.com)
- With natural gas reserves high, effort seeks to expand auto-fueling stations (mercurynews.com)
- Routes Revealed for Natural Gas Highway (environmentalleader.com)
- Compressed natural gas plans may spur vehicle growth (newsok.com)
- US Leadership Needed in Global Fight Against Oil Addiction – Natural Gas Vehicles Most Powerful Tool Available (prweb.com)
- Natural gas coming to more filling stations (content.usatoday.com)
- Clean Energy Fuels Is Ready to Pop in 2012 (fool.com)
Published on May 11, 2011 by Nicolas Loris
The bipartisan New Alternative Transportation to Give Americans Solutions (NATGAS) Act provides preferential tax treatment to subsidize the production, use, and purchase of natural gas vehicles (NGVs). Supporters argue that it promotes transportation fuel competition and reduces foreign oil dependence and greenhouse gas emissions.
In reality, the NATGAS Act simply transfers a portion of the actual costs of using and producing NGVs to taxpayers. Special tax credits create the perception that NGVs are more competitive than they actually are by artificially reducing their price for consumers. Rather than increase competition, this artificial market distortion gives NGVs an unfair price advantage over other technologies.
Unfortunately, this shortcut to market viability does not work. Indeed, Washington has an abysmal record of picking energy winners and losers. Instead of adding more market distortions to the energy sector, Congress should remove energy subsidies and increase access to America’s resources.
The Market Is Already Working
The legislation creates, expands, or extends tax credits that subsidize NGVs. Supporters argue that the legislation would help NGV vehicle and infrastructure producers overcome investment obstacles and begin introducing new technologies to the marketplace. The truth, however, is that NGVs are already available, and nothing is stopping the market from expanding. The notion that no alternative fuels compete with gasoline is just not true. Consumers can choose vehicles that are powered by electricity, natural gas, or biofuels, as well as hybrid vehicles.
In fact, the trade group Natural Gas Vehicles for America claims that the United States has 110,000 NGVs and that more than 12 million NGVs are on the roads worldwide. Billionaire investor T. Boone Pickens, a supporter of the bill, boasted in a recent speech that he owns a Honda Civic GX that he fuels with natural gas for less than $1 per gallon. At a UPS facility, President Obama challenged transportation fleets to switch their vehicles to natural gas because it would be good for their bottom lines. But if natural gas vehicles are economically competitive, vehicle manufacturers will make them and consumers will switch over without market manipulation from Washington.
A full-fledged competitive NGV fleet may eventually emerge. Rising gas prices make alternatives like NGVs more economically inviting, which should move investment to those technologies. That happens most efficiently when it is the result of a market-based response as opposed to government intervention. Indeed, government intervention to promote one technology over another only interferes in the process and creates another set of government-picked, taxpayer-funded winners and losers.
Reducing Foreign Dependence No Excuse for Bad Policy
The focus on decreasing energy dependence through government intervention and market distortion is folly. Policies that maximize access to a broad array of energy sources, domestic and foreign, will best serve Americans. A market-based approach would ensure that every American has access to affordable energy by putting a premium on sound economics through competition and choice.
This is not the approach of the NATGAS Act, which would make America economically weaker. When the government artificially lowers the cost of production, manufacturers must forgo the value of the goods they might have produced had they allocated their time, effort, and other resources in alternative ways. In this case, the NATGAS Act uses tax credits to create the perception of lower costs. This will fool consumers into purchasing more of these vehicles. Further, those hidden costs now have to be paid by someone else—the taxpayer. This leaves fewer resources for more productive activities.
A better approach to decreasing energy dependence is for the federal government to remove unnecessary rules and regulations that restrict access to all types of energy sources.
Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions No Excuse for Bad Policy
Reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions is another dubious policy goal. Years of pressure from political leaders has forced significant changes in much of the business community. Energy producers became vested stakeholders and lobbied for handouts to produce what Congress determined to be cleaner energy. If these sources can compete without help from the government, the consumer will benefit through increased competition and lower costs. But creating an artificial market to reduce GHG emissions ignores both consumer preferences and economic fundamentals.
Moreover, Congress continues to ignore the vigorous disagreement within the scientific community concerning the effects of anthropogenic global warming. Policy should never rest on a shaky set of assumptions, particularly when it can have far-reaching implications for American businesses and everyday Americans and could therefore fundamentally alter decisions in ways that harm America’s productive system of free enterprise.
Subsidies Do Not Work
Proponents of NGVs argue that because other alternative transportation technologies receive preferential treatment, so should natural gas. The problem is that government subsidies have a proven track record of not working. Congress should therefore remove subsidies from the transportation fuel market, not increase them.
Subsidies centralize power in Washington and allow lobbyists and politicians to decide which companies will produce. The more concentrated the subsidy or preferential treatment, the worse the policy is because the crowding-out effect is larger.
The NATGAS Act is a perfect example. Soon after its introduction, the National Propane Gas Association understandably voiced its opposition to the bill because the tax credits do not include propane gas. And that is just one problem with such bills: They distort the competitive process that so capably yields affordable and viable products, moving the decision-making process from the marketplace to Washington. Consumers, not Washington, should decide whether NGVs are better than propane.
Furthermore, subsidies funnel money toward projects that have little market support and offset the private-sector costs for investment that would have been made either way. This creates industry complacency and perpetuates economic inefficiency by disconnecting market success from production costs. By artificially lowering the cost of investment, subsidies take resources away from more competitive projects. The fact that other transportation fuels receive government support is not a good reason to continue or expand special treatment for natural gas. It is a good reason to remove those subsidies.
More Handouts, No Solutions
Pieces of legislation like the NATGAS Act will not be a quick fix for high gas prices and are not the way to reduce either America’s dependence on foreign oil or GHG emissions. They provide special benefits to one industry, distorting the market and misallocating resources away from potentially more economically viable alternatives.
If Congress truly wants to promote NGVs, it should eliminate subsidies in the transportation industry and consider other market-oriented policies—such as full expensing, lowering corporate tax rates, and removing barriers to drilling—that would incentivize the production of profitable endeavors and ultimately lower prices through competition.
Nicolas D. Loris is a Policy Analyst in the Thomas A. Roe Institute for Economic Policy Studies at The Heritage Foundation.
The 2012 natural gas powered Honda Civic, the only consumer natural gas car now available in the U.S. – although in a very limited fashion – will be released in wide distribution starting fall 2011 with the expectation that it will be in showrooms across the country within a year of that. (Civic Natural Gas web site)
Honda’s web site is a bit more cautious than the article above, defining “nationwide” as “…states that have sufficient CNG stations within close proximity to authorized Civic Natural Gas dealers.” But it is a start, especially given the growth (slow, but methodical) of CNG fueling infrastructure across the country.
Honda is changing the CNG Civic’s name from the Civic GX to Civic Natural Gas (“Civic Natural Gas” = CNG, get it?). In gallon equivalents, the CNG’s mileage is rated at 27 MPG city/38 MPG highway/31 MPG combined, but of course the cost of natural gas is significantly lower than regular gasoline, so it’s not exactly an apples-to-apples comparison. The car will be assembled in Indiana. For those interested, the press release is full of all of the auto technophile’s data, from MacPherson struts to compression ratios.
Posted by Robert Hutchinson