Daily Archives: November 3, 2011
Abel Salas, vice president of Cuba‘s National Institute of Water Resources, announced the allocation Wednesday at a meeting with Iran’s deputy energy minister in Tehran, Tehran Times reported on Thursday.
Salas expressed the hope that some parts of the credit line would be used for the reconstruction of Cuba’s energy system.
Iran and Cuba signed a protocol for economic and trade cooperation in September during Iranian Vice President Mohammad Reza Rahimi‘s visit to Havana. The protocol stipulated that Iran would expand its credit to Cuba from 270 million to 680 million US dollars.
It also included accords on the two countries’ collaboration in industry, energy, trade, health, finance, biotechnology and hydraulics.
Iran has been producing equipment for rail systems and synthetic media for the Cuban market under a 2009 agreement. The expansion of credit will also support the program.
Iran has in recent years expanded friendly ties with Latin America, specially in economic, trade and industrial fields.
The strong and rapidly growing ties between Iran and Latin America have raised eyebrows in the US and its western allies since Tehran and Latin nations have forged an alliance against the imperialist and colonialist powers.
- The Mottled Relationship: Iran and Latin America (mb50.wordpress.com)
- UK military building plan for attack on Iran (americablog.com)
- Is Israel planning to attack Iran? (americablog.com)
- Brits Steel for Possible US Strike on Iran: Report (newser.com)
Microsoft founder Bill Gates
Published On: Thu, Nov 3rd, 2011
The world’s second richest man and one of its most influential philanthropists will today advise the G20 to ask government to make details of Uganda’s oil agreements public.
Microsoft founder Bill Gates is also expected to ask the G20 to ensure that government declares the money it receives from its oil resources. Mr Gates’ comments come a day after a parliamentary ad hoc committee started investigating allegations of corruption and unfair agreements in Uganda’s largely opaque oil sector which is expected to generate $2 billion per year at peak production, compared to a national budget of $3 billion.
“This oil revenue should have a huge impact on the government’s ability to address the needs of millions of poor Ugandans,” Mr Gates will today tell leaders of the G20, which include the world’s richest and most powerful countries. “However, we have no insight into the country’s oil leasing arrangements, and, as a result, Ugandan citizens have no means to protect their interests.”
Mr Gates’ comments on Uganda are part of a report on financing global development he has written for the G20 meeting at the request of French President Nicolas Sarkozy, who currently holds its rotational leadership. The full report will be published today.
Mr Gates has closely been following developments in Uganda where his Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation is a major donor to health projects, and is keen to see Uganda’s oil money spent transparently on social and economic development.
Ms Winnie Ngabiirwe of Publish What You Pay Uganda, a pro-transparency pressure group, said yesterday: “For a long time now, Ugandans have asked our government to do exactly what Mr Gates is asking for. Unfortunately, our government has continued to dismiss our concerns, treating the oil and gas sector with the highest level of secrecy. Making agreements accessible to Ugandans, and publishing what the country is earning is an important step necessary for fighting against corruption and embezzlement.”
Energy Minister Irene Muloni told Daily Monitor yesterday that there was no need to worry since the oil industry in Uganda is young. “All the appropriate laws will be put in place. Uganda’s oil resources will be adequately managed,” she said, advising this newspaper to seek President Museveni’s view over Mr Gate’s presentation.
Tullow Oil is in final stages of farming down two-thirds of its interest in Uganda’s oil fields to France’s Total and China’s CNOOC. In July 2010, the US passed the Dodd-Frank Act, which calls for all oil, gas and mining companies listed in the US to publish their payments to foreign governments.
This would include CNOOC, which is listed in the US, but not UK-listed Tullow.
However, last week the European Commission proposed a new law which would implement the same requirement for all 27 EU member countries.
If adopted, Tullow and Total would have to publish their payments to Uganda unless government passes a secrecy law making it explicitly illegal for any oil, gas or mining company to publish information about their activities in Uganda.
Mr Gates is also expected to encourage Uganda to sign up to the Extractives Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) and gives an example of Ghana, which used the initiative to raise minimum mining royalties from three to six per cent. “The problem is that EITI is a voluntary initiative, and only five African countries are currently compliant, although more are working towards it,” Mr Gates says. “All G20 countries should require the mining and oil companies listed on their stock exchanges to disclose payments to governments.”
By John Njoroge, Daily Monitor
- Uganda: Minister aims to present oil bills this year (mb50.wordpress.com)
- For Uganda, oil industry is more curse than cure (theglobeandmail.com)
- The ‘Resource Curse:’ Uganda’s Upcoming Oil Wealth is a Global Challenge on Multiple Fronts (forbes.com)
- Analysis: Rocky start for Uganda’s oil sector (mb50.wordpress.com)
- Why U.S. military in Uganda? Soros fingerprints all over it (mb50.wordpress.com)
- Uganda struggles to make oil a blessing (marketwatch.com)
- Uganda Welcomes Oil, but Fears Graft It Attracts (nytimes.com)
Ask anyone on the bayou if they know about Port Fourchon, and you’ll no doubt get a yes. “That’s where my daddy works.”
“That’s where we launch our boat.” “That’s where oil comes from.”
But when you ask the average person how Port Fourchon works or what the Greater Lafourche Port Commission does, the answer is not so clear. Most people don’t know what a great gem we have here in our community, so here is a brief rundown: who we are, what we do, how we’ve worked our way into being one of the nation’s most important economic engines and why it is vital to keep that engine running.
The Greater Lafourche Port Commission is a political subdivision of the state of Louisiana, formed in 1960 and governed by a nine-member board, the only elected port commission in the state of Louisiana.
We have 37 employees that do an outstanding job of handling the day-to-day operations, maintenance and administration of Port Fourchon and the South Lafourche Leonard Miller Jr. Airport. The commission operates predominantly as a “landlord” providing basic infrastructure to its tenants.
We construct roads and waterlines, dredge channels, construct bulkheads and provide basic land at Port Fourchon.
We provide basic airport infrastructure like a runway, parallel taxiway, road access, waterlines, etc. Once the basic infrastructure is in place, the commission leases the property to businesses looking to serve the needs of industry.
At both the port and now the airport, the commission operates with its mission statement in mind: to facilitate the economic growth of the communities in which it operates by maximizing the flow of trade and commerce. We do this to grow our economy and preserve our environment and heritage.
Port Fourchon sits at the mouth of Bayou Lafourche, where it empties into the Gulf of Mexico and is easily accessible from any area in the Gulf. Located near the end of La. 1, Port Fourchon is in the center of one of the richest and most progressive industrial areas in the Gulf region.
We are constantly expanding to meet the needs of business and industry. Under the direction of the commission, the port is fortunate to have the knowledgeable leadership, available land and irrefutable logistical advantage that enable it to be the nation’s premier port for the continued support of oil-and-gas activity in the Gulf of Mexico.
Port Fourchon has grown from humble beginnings in 1960 into 1,700 acres in the most efficient location to service the needs of the Gulf oil-and-gas industry, with state-of-the-art facilities that exist nowhere else in the world.
The port’s tenants provide services to 90 percent of all Gulf deepwater activity and about 50 percent of drilling rigs in the entire U.S. Gulf, both shallow and deepwater. This activity, coupled with Port Fourchon being the service base for the Louisiana Offshore Oil Port, means that Port Fourchon plays a strategic role in furnishing this country with about 18 percent of its entire oil supply.
The South Lafourche Leonard Miller Jr. Airport in Galliano has proven to be a valuable element of the transportation system of Lafourche Parish and the state. Recognizing the potential major importance of the SLA in providing air transportation services to support the continued development of Port Fourchon and offshore mineral exploration and production, the Port Commission acquired the SLA in 2001. The GLPC also acquired the 1,200 acres surrounding the airport, which is open for industrial development and industrial housing. The airport has rapidly increased aircraft traffic since completion of its 6,500 foot runway with 75,000 pound wheel-load capacity, resulting in a 300 percent increase in jet traffic. We continue to expand the airport, with plans to add new navigational aids, hangars and taxiway.
In January 2010, after working for the commission since September 2005, I was afforded the opportunity to become the executive director, only the second person to do so since the port’s inception. I knew it would be a challenge, with the tough economic times the country had been in, all of the construction projects we were involved in at the port and airport and the planning of the port’s 50th anniversary celebration, but never did I imagine what would be coming. Obviously, I am talking about the terrible tragedy of April 20, 2010, when the Deepwater Horizon exploded, killing 11 men and causing the worst oil spill in our nation’s history.
Port Fourchon was at the epicenter of the response, recovery and subsequent cleanup effort for this disaster. Since facilities at the port were the base for the Deepwater Horizon, the evacuated rig workers were brought to Port Fourchon en route to getting back to their families.
With that began the influx of media and all that entails. Once it was realized that there was a major problem with the well and the oil was being emitted uncontrolled, we were tasked with preparation.
We began working with Lafourche Parish President Charlotte Randolph and her emergency preparedness staff to formulate a plan of action for protecting the parish’s coastline and keeping the vital economic activity at Port Fourchon operational throughout cleanup and waterway closures.
We spent countless hours meeting and planning, coordinating breach closures and ways to continue keeping Belle Pass, the port’s main waterway, open even though oil was approaching. When we knew that it was only a matter of time before we saw oil impacting our coast, we offered the commission’s Port Fourchon Operations Center for response collaboration efforts.
At that point, our Ops Center became the Lafourche Parish Emergency Operations Center for the oil-spill response. Our approach to the response was not “us against them,” but “How can we help?” That proved to be very successful. The collaborative group was comprised of the United States Coast Guard, BP, Governor’s Office of Homeland Security, Louisiana National Guard, Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries, Lafourche Parish Government, Lafourche Parish Sheriff’s Office, Port Fourchon Harbor Police and Port Commission executives.
Just when we were beginning to get a handle on the oil spill, the president and his administration decided to issue an arbitrary six-month moratorium on drilling and permitting in the deepwater Gulf of Mexico.
This action brought our region, a region of constant growth and record low unemployment that was not seeing much negative impact from the struggling national economy, to a screeching halt. Knowing that the tenants of Port Fourchon were going to be severely impacted by the federal government’s careless actions, the Port Commission proactively chose to freeze escalation fees and reduce basic land rental rates by 30 percent for one year.
This action served its purpose effectively, even though it meant millions of dollars of lost revenue for the port commission, because it helped our port tenants, especially the small, growing companies, to have a little breathing room to develop their financial strategies and to cope with the sudden moratorium-induced loss of current and future business. It was scary to many of us when the cranes stopped moving in Fourchon. We wanted to let our tenants know that we were right there with them in the trenches, fighting against the one-two punches of oil spill and moratoriums.
The moratorium was lifted on Oct. 12, 2010, and despite a horde of new regulations, rules, processes and acronyms, still no permits were issued for deepwater drilling. Moratorium became “permitorium.”
To this day, permit issuances for both deepwater and shallow water activities remain few and far between. Based on the Department of Interior’s own statistics, permits for deepwater activities are 40 percent off the mark, shallow-water permits are 60 percent down, and overall turnaround time for all permits is 40 percent slower. I, for one, believe that this is unacceptable.
These permitting issues that continue to inhibit the oil-and-gas industry have a cascading effect on this nation as a whole, not just “Big Oil,” as the Obama administration would say. It starts at the top with the oil-and-gas companies, then gets transferred through the supply chain.
The industry purchases supplies, equipment, high-end technology, geological and other services from vendors in every corner of the United States. It reaches each household in some form or fashion. The downturn in energy exploration and production in the Gulf of Mexico has affected not only Port Fourchon but the entire country.
Because of the importance of the oil-and-gas industry to our way of life, the commission helped organize the Gulf Economic Survival Team. This organization, through the leadership of Department of Natural Resources Secretary Scott Angelle, has been instrumental in facilitating what progress has been made on the permitting front. GEST and its Executive Director Lori Leblanc must be applauded as they have brought industry executives and BOEMRE staff together in an attempt to work out the regulatory/permitting issues. There is a still huge “activity gap” between the regulatory regime’s willingness and ability to issue much-needed permits and the oil-and-gas industry’s capabilities to invest in the energy security of our nation.
According to a study commissioned by GEST, if the bureau could close the “activity gap,” 2012 could see 230,000 American jobs, $44 billion added to the U.S. gross domestic product, $12 billion in tax and royalty revenues, 400,000 barrels more of oil produced per day, and a reduction of $15 billion in imported oil costs to the nation. In a time in this country when we have a jobs problem, a revenue problem, a spending problem and an energy problem, the answer is clear. Issue the permits now! There are thousands of workers in Port Fourchon who just want to see the cranes moving again.
Obviously, the last two years for the commission, Port Fourchon, and its tenants have been a roller-coaster ride. Personally, it has been an enormous learning experience. From federal, state, and local agency head visits to television interviews and testifying at congressional hearings, the first two years of my tenure as executive director have molded the future and set a path for what is to come.
We at the commission stand ready and able to tackle any challenge that comes our way.
We do this with the mindset of what is best for our community. That is why in looking toward the future, we plan to continue to expand Port Fourchon and the South Lafourche Leonard Miller Jr. Airport.
The issues we currently face will be resolved, and we stand poised to capitalize on the activity that will follow. We will continue to support our tenants in every way possible as a sign of appreciation for the prosperity that they have given to our community. Port Fourchon works. Period!
Chett Chiasson is the executive director of Port Fourchon.
T.D. Williamson, Inc. (TDW), a leading provider of pipeline equipment and services, has announced plans for the creation of a Global Pipeline Integrity Center in Salt Lake City, Utah.
Once complete, this world-class showcase facility will combine the TDW inline inspection engineering, manufacturing, operations, service center, and data analysis functions in one location. Situated close to the airport in the Salt Lake International Center, this new site will double the current TDW footprint in Salt Lake City and is indicative of the ongoing TDW investment in inline inspection.
“Our goal is to create a Global Pipeline Integrity Center that not only houses our inline inspection capabilities but that also leverages the total breadth of TDW technologies,” says Eric Rogers, Director of Pipeline Integrity Solutions for TDW.
In addition to serving as a global hub for inline inspection, the center will showcase TDW pigging products, including launchers and receivers, and pipeline services, such as cleaning and non-destructive testing.
“This new facility will also enable future growth, including the addition of a data center, customer and employee training facility, and pipeline test equipment for inline inspection tools,” Rogers adds.
TDW offers a wide range of inline inspection technologies. Advanced KALIPER® 360 technology is specifically engineered for use in newly constructed pipelines to provide geometry baseline information. TDW also offers high resolution deformation (DEF) tools for locating, sizing and determining orientation of diameter reductions or expansions. Magnetic flux leakage (MFL) tools provide detection and sizing of internal and external metal loss in liquid lines, and GMFL tools do the same for gas pipeline environments. SpirALL™ MFL (SMFL) technology is designed to detect longitudinal defects in a pipe body or longitudinal weld seam in conjunction with additional technologies available on TDW multiple dataset platforms. XYZ Mapping service provides the precise centerline profile of a pipeline in latitude, longitude and elevation. TDW is also conducting extensive research into Residual Field and Low Field Magnetism technologies for mechanical pipeline damage prioritization.
“Our technologies are constantly evolving and expanding,” says Rogers. “Our ability to combine technologies and generate multiple data sets in a single inspection makes defect discrimination more accurate and efficient than ever before. Our new facility will enable us to continue the proud tradition of TDW innovation.”
Plans call for the new TDW Global Pipeline Integrity Center to open its doors during the first half of 2012.
About T.D. Williamson, Inc.
A world leader in pipeline equipment and services, TDW delivers a comprehensive portfolio of safe integrity pipeline system solutions for onshore and offshore applications, including hot tapping and plugging, pipeline cleaning, integrity inspection, pigging and non-tethered plugging pig technology for any pressurized piping system, anywhere in the world.
by Tennille Tracy
Several U.S. companies are asking the Obama administration for permission to respond to potential oil spills in Cuban waters, a top offshore drilling regulator said Wednesday, hoping to overcome embargo restrictions that currently limit their ability to do so.
The companies’ requests coincide with a growing concern among oil-industry experts who say the U.S. embargo on Cuba could cripple the ability of spill-containment companies to respond to potential spills that start in Cuban waters but then move to U.S. shores.
Speaking at a congressional hearing Wednesday, Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement Director Michael Bromwich said several companies have asked the U.S. Commerce Department for licenses that would allow them to use subsea well containment systems and other types of equipment to respond to spills in Cuban waters.
Bromwich said he had “a high level of confidence” the Commerce Department would approve the licenses, in large part because it had already issued separate approvals for oil-spill containment systems and cleanup items. U.S. government agencies “are very much on alert, looking for the licenses [applications] as they come in and my understanding is that they’re giving them very rapid attention and they’re approving them as promptly as they can.”
The administration’s efforts are not without controversy. The chairman of the House Energy and Mineral Resources Subcommittee, Rep. Doug Lamborn (R., Colo.), said Wednesday that he is concerned “this administration will weaken the U.S. embargo on Cuba.”
Earlier in the week, the head of the House Foreign Affairs Committee sent a letter to President Barack Obama asking him to do more to prevent Cuba’s oil-drilling plans. “This scheme endangers U.S. security and environmental interests, and will enrich the Cuban regime,” Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R., Fla.), a Cuban-born American, said.
Many environmental and oil-industry experts have taken a different approach and have urged the administration to give broad flexibility to U.S. companies that are equipped to respond to spills.
They contend Cuba will pursue oil exploration, regardless of whether the U.S. disapproves, so the U.S. should simply prepare for possible accidents.
Cuba’s offshore drilling plans get under way in coming months when Spanish company Repsol starts to conduct exploratory drilling off the country’s northern coast. Repsol is transporting a Chinese-built rig to be used for the exploration work.
Repsol has voluntarily agreed to allow U.S. officials to inspect the rig before it enters Cuban waters. The company has also agreed to comply with U.S. drilling standards.
Copyright (c) 2011 Dow Jones & Company, Inc.
- U.S. Legislators Want Repsol to Leave Cuba (mb50.wordpress.com)
- Don’t talk oil with Cuba, lawmaker warns (mb50.wordpress.com)
- Drill, Bebé, Drill (mb50.wordpress.com)
- Chinese-built oil rig setting sail for Cuban waters (mb50.wordpress.com)
- Would U.S. Export Laws Hinder Efforts To Mitigate Cuban Oil Spills? (mb50.wordpress.com)
- US experts eye Cuba oil plans after BP spill (mb50.wordpress.com)
- Helix seeks to provide capping stack in case of Cuba drill accident (mb50.wordpress.com)
Apache Corporation reported production of 752,000 barrels of oil equivalent (boe) per day and earnings of $983 million, or $2.50 per diluted share, for the three-month period ending Sept. 30, 2011. These compare with production of 667,000 boe per day and net income of $765 million, or $2.12 per diluted share, for the same period in the prior year.
Excluding certain items that management believes affect the comparability of operating results, Apache reported adjusted earnings of $1.2 billion in third quarter 2011 compared with $797 million in the year-earlier period. On a per-share basis, adjusted earnings were $2.95 in the third quarter compared with $2.20 per diluted share in the prior-year period. Oil and gas revenues for third quarter 2011 were $4.3 billion, a 41 percent increase from $3.0 billion for the same period last year. Cash from operations before changes in operating assets and liabilities* were $2.7 billion, up 35 percent from the prior year’s $2.0 billion.
“Apache had a very productive quarter, both in operations and commercial activity,” said G. Steven Farris, chairman and chief executive officer. “For the sixth consecutive quarter, we achieved record daily production on an equivalent basis. We’ve commenced development of the Balnaves oil field offshore Western Australia. We’ve extended the productive range of our holdings in Egypt’s remote Western Desert with new producers in the Faghur Basin. We continue to drill from the extensive, multiyear inventory of drillable locations we have developed in the Permian, Central, Gulf of Mexico and Canadian regions of North America. Domestically, the recent focus has obviously been on higher-margin oil and liquids-rich opportunities. This operational flexibility is a competitive advantage of Apache’s portfolio model.
“Apache made great progress commercially as well during the quarter. We announced the acquisition of ExxonMobil’s Beryl and other selected fields in the U.K. sector of the North Sea, expanding our presence in this region. In Australia, the partner-operated Wheatstone Project advanced to development. This is Apache’s first liquefied natural gas (LNG) project, and we expect it will enable us to monetize an estimated 2 trillion cubic feet of natural gas resource from the Brunello, Julimar, and Balnaves fields, which also are in development, at premium prices pegged to the worldwide market for LNG, creating additional value at those discoveries,” Farris said.
Liquid hydrocarbons represented 50 percent of production and 78 percent of revenues. Apache benefited from higher oil prices for both its international production indexed to Dated Brent benchmarks and sweet crudes from the Gulf of Mexico, which continue to receive a meaningful premium per barrel compared with production benchmarked to West Texas Intermediate prices.
- Apache Proceeds with Development of Balnaves Oil Field Offshore Western Australia (mb50.wordpress.com)
- USA: Anadarko, Apache and Noble Energy Hire ENSCO 8505 Rig (mb50.wordpress.com)
- Canada: Kitimat LNG Wins Export Licence (mb50.wordpress.com)
- Australia: Apache Wins Environmental Approval for Julimar/Brunello Gas Fields (mb50.wordpress.com)
- Apache Considers Entering Israeli Oil and Gas Sector (mb50.wordpress.com)
For a few years now, the banking industry has shouldered much of the blame for the massive financial crisis that is threatening the health of the global economy, while many others have been quick to point out the glaring lack of financial regulation. But, interestingly, there is now a growing awareness of what is known as the “shadow banking system” and findings have shown that they may have been the ones who caused the crisis after all.
HONG KONG – With world leaders meeting at the end of this week at the G-20 summit in Cannes, France, the next economic minefield that they will face is already coming into view. It is likely to take the form of an opaque global credit glut, turbocharged by the fragile mixture of too-big-to-fail global banking with a huge and largely unwatched and unregulated shadow banking sector.
To be sure, that is not what many see. Federal Reserve Board Chairman Ben Bernanke and others have blamed the financial crisis of 2008 on a global savings glut, which fuelled flows of money from high-savings emerging-market economies – especially in Asia – that run chronic balance-of-payments surpluses. According to this school of thought, excessive savings pushed long-term interest rates down to rock-bottom levels, leading to asset bubbles in the United States and elsewhere.
But Claudio Borio and Piti Disayat, economists at the Bank for International Settlements, have argued convincingly that the savings-glut theory fails to explain the unsustainable credit creation in the run-up to the 2008 crisis. They have shown that the major capital inflows were not from emerging markets, but from Europe, where there was no net balance-of-payments surplus.
The alternative theory – of a global credit glut – gained more ground with the release last week of the Financial Stability Board’s report on shadow banking. The FSB report contains startling revelations about the scale of global shadow banking, which it defines as “credit intermediation involving entities and activities outside the regular banking system.”
The report, which was requested by G-20 leaders at their summit in Seoul last November, found that between 2002 and 2007, the shadow banking system increased by $33 trillion, more than doubling in asset size from $7 trillion to $60 trillion. This is 8.5 times higher than the total US current-account deficit of $3.9 trillion during the same period.
The shadow banking system is estimated at roughly 25-30% of the global financial system ($250 trillion, excluding derivatives) and at half of total global banking assets. This represents a huge regulatory “black hole” at the center of the global financial system, hitherto not closely monitored for monetary and financial stability purposes. Its importance was exposed only by analysis of the key roles played by structured investment vehicles (SIVs) and money-market funds (MMFs) in the 2008 meltdown.
The shadow banking system is complex, because it comprises a mix of institutions and vehicles. Investment funds other than MMFs account for 29% of total, and SIVs make up 9%, but the shadow system also includes public financial institutions (such as the government-backed mortgage lender Fannie Mae in the US). They are some of the largest counterparties with the regular banking system, and their combined credit creation and proprietary trading and hedging may account for much of the global liquidity flows that make monetary and financial stability so difficult to ensure.
The trouble is that, by 2010, the shadow banking system was about the same size as it was just before the 2007 market crash, whereas the regulated global banking system was 18% larger than in 2007. That is why the FSB report pinpoints the shadow banking system, together with the large global banks, as sources of systemic risk. But the global problem is likely to be much larger than the sum of its parts. Specifically, global credit creation by the regular and shadow banking systems is likely to be significantly larger than the sum of the credit creation currently measured by national statistics.
There are several reasons for this. First, credit that can be, and is, created offshore and through off-balance-sheet SIVs is not captured by national balance-of-payments statistics. In other words, while a “savings” glut may contribute to low interest rates and fuel excess credit creation, it is not the main cause.
Second, the volatile “carry trade” is notoriously difficult to measure, because most of it is conducted through derivatives in options, forwards, and swaps, which are treated as off-balance sheet – that is, as net numbers that are below the line in accounting terms. Thus, in gross terms, the leverage effects are larger than currently reported.
Third, the interaction between the shadow banking system and the global banks is highly concentrated, because the global banks act as prime brokers, particularly for derivative trades. Data from the US Comptroller of Currency suggest that the top five US banks account for 96% of the total over-the-counter (OTC) derivative trades in the US.
Indeed, the nightmare scenario haunting the world is the collapse of another shadow banking entity, causing global trade to freeze, as happened in 2008. The Basel III agreement on capital adequacy and other recent reforms still have not ring-fenced trade financing from these potential shocks.
We urgently need to monitor and understand the role of shadow banking and the too-big-to-fail banks in creating the global credit glut. Obtaining a full picture of global monetary and credit numbers and their determinants is a vital first step.
So far, the G-20’s call to “think globally” has turned into “act locally.” We hope that the G-20 leaders will think systemically at Cannes, and act nationally and cooperatively to defuse the global credit glut minefield.
By Andrew Sheng
Copyright: Project-Syndicate, 2011
Andrew Sheng is President of the Fung Global Institute, a new Hong Kong-based think tank that seeks to understand global issues from Asian perspectives. He was Chairman of the Hong Kong Securities and Futures Commission and is an adviser to China’s Banking Regulatory Commission.
- China’s Shadow Banking System: The Next Subprime? (blogs.wsj.com)
- G20: Merkel desperate to solve Greek debt crisis (guardian.co.uk)
- Craig Stephen’s This Week in China: Beijing talks tough on European debt (marketwatch.com)
- Shadow banking tops pre-crisis level (theglobeandmail.com)
- Why 2012 will be a repeat of 2008 (wealthmans.wordpress.com)